LAPS password from computer in other domain (PS)

If you ever need to read a LAPS password on a device in another domain, you have to get a bit creative as the LAPS UI doesn’t support multi-domain in an easy fashion.

There is of course the use of “distinguishedName” attribute, but who can remember this and when you are in the Attribute Editor anyway – to copy this – you can read the LAPS password inhere.

But with PowerShell, you can do a simple query … or two …

With LAPS module

Get-ADComputer -Filter 'Name -like "computername*"' -Server FQDN | Get-AdmPwdPassword
  • With the LAPS PS module you get the expirationTime formated in a readable format

No LAPS module

Get-ADComputer -Properties * -Filter 'Name -like "computername*"' -Server FQDN | Select-Object dNShostname, ms-Mcs-AdmPwd, ms-Mcs-AdmPwdExpirationTime, PwdLastSet
  • Without the LAPS PS module you need need to format the ExpirationTime timestamp yourself – or just do an educated guess

Remember, that the context of the PS session has to have read permission to the password attribute in the remote domain, otherwise you will get nothing.

Dir /s (PS)

Ways to traverse directories in PowerShell, just like the old-skool “dir /s” command, with a little PowerShell spice on top.

Get-ChildItem -Recurse
Get-ChildItem -Recurse | Select-Object Name
Get-ChildItem -Filter *.png -Recurse
Get-ChildItem -Include *.txt, *.png -Recurse | Select-Object FullName

Query Computer for Pending Reboot State (PS)

Ever needed to know if a reboot is pending on your computer? Try this Microsoft/Scripting Guy PowerShell script, and you’ll know!

Copy the code below and save as .ps1 file, and execute at your convenience.

Function Get-PendingReboot
    Gets the pending reboot status on a local or remote computer.

    This function will query the registry on a local or remote computer and determine if the
    system is pending a reboot, from either Microsoft Patching or a Software Installation.
    For Windows 2008+ the function will query the CBS registry key as another factor in determining
    pending reboot state.  "PendingFileRenameOperations" and "Auto Update\RebootRequired" are observed
    as being consistant across Windows Server 2003 & 2008.
    CBServicing = Component Based Servicing (Windows 2008)
    WindowsUpdate = Windows Update / Auto Update (Windows 2003 / 2008)
    CCMClientSDK = SCCM 2012 Clients only (DetermineIfRebootPending method) otherwise $null value
    PendFileRename = PendingFileRenameOperations (Windows 2003 / 2008)

.PARAMETER ComputerName
    A single Computer or an array of computer names.  The default is localhost ($env:COMPUTERNAME).

    A single path to send error data to a log file.

    PS C:\> Get-PendingReboot -ComputerName (Get-Content C:\ServerList.txt) | Format-Table -AutoSize
    Computer CBServicing WindowsUpdate CCMClientSDK PendFileRename PendFileRenVal RebootPending
    -------- ----------- ------------- ------------ -------------- -------------- -------------
    DC01     False   False           False      False
    DC02     False   False           False      False
    FS01     False   False           False      False

    This example will capture the contents of C:\ServerList.txt and query the pending reboot
    information from the systems contained in the file and display the output in a table. The
    null values are by design, since these systems do not have the SCCM 2012 client installed,
    nor was the PendingFileRenameOperations value populated.

    PS C:\> Get-PendingReboot
    Computer     : WKS01
    CBServicing  : False
    WindowsUpdate      : True
    CCMClient    : False
    PendComputerRename : False
    PendFileRename     : False
    PendFileRenVal     : 
    RebootPending      : True
    This example will query the local machine for pending reboot information.
    PS C:\> $Servers = Get-Content C:\Servers.txt
    PS C:\> Get-PendingReboot -Computer $Servers | Export-Csv C:\PendingRebootReport.csv -NoTypeInformation
    This example will create a report that contains pending reboot information.

    Component-Based Servicing:
    PendingFileRename/Auto Update:

    SCCM 2012/CCM_ClientSDK:

    Author:  Brian Wilhite
    Email:   bcwilhite (at)
    Date:    29AUG2012
    PSVer:   2.0/3.0/4.0/5.0
    Updated: 01DEC2014
    UpdNote: Added CCMClient property - Used with SCCM 2012 Clients only
       Added ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName=$true to the ComputerName Parameter
       Removed $Data variable from the PSObject - it is not needed
       Bug with the way CCMClientSDK returned null value if it was false
       Removed unneeded variables
       Added PendFileRenVal - Contents of the PendingFileRenameOperations Reg Entry
       Removed .Net Registry connection, replaced with WMI StdRegProv
       Added ComputerPendingRename


Begin {  }## End Begin Script Block
Process {
  Foreach ($Computer in $ComputerName) {
  Try {
      ## Setting pending values to false to cut down on the number of else statements
      $CompPendRen,$PendFileRename,$Pending,$SCCM = $false,$false,$false,$false
      ## Setting CBSRebootPend to null since not all versions of Windows has this value
      $CBSRebootPend = $null
      ## Querying WMI for build version
      $WMI_OS = Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_OperatingSystem -Property BuildNumber, CSName -ComputerName $Computer -ErrorAction Stop

      ## Making registry connection to the local/remote computer
      $HKLM = [UInt32] "0x80000002"
      $WMI_Reg = [WMIClass] "\\$Computer\root\default:StdRegProv"
      ## If Vista/2008 & Above query the CBS Reg Key
      If ([Int32]$WMI_OS.BuildNumber -ge 6001) {
        $RegSubKeysCBS = $WMI_Reg.EnumKey($HKLM,"SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Component Based Servicing\")
        $CBSRebootPend = $RegSubKeysCBS.sNames -contains "RebootPending"    
      ## Query WUAU from the registry
      $RegWUAURebootReq = $WMI_Reg.EnumKey($HKLM,"SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\WindowsUpdate\Auto Update\")
      $WUAURebootReq = $RegWUAURebootReq.sNames -contains "RebootRequired"
      ## Query PendingFileRenameOperations from the registry
      $RegSubKeySM = $WMI_Reg.GetMultiStringValue($HKLM,"SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\","PendingFileRenameOperations")
      $RegValuePFRO = $RegSubKeySM.sValue

      ## Query ComputerName and ActiveComputerName from the registry
      $ActCompNm = $WMI_Reg.GetStringValue($HKLM,"SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\ComputerName\ActiveComputerName\","ComputerName")      
      $CompNm = $WMI_Reg.GetStringValue($HKLM,"SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\ComputerName\ComputerName\","ComputerName")
      If ($ActCompNm -ne $CompNm) {
    $CompPendRen = $true
      ## If PendingFileRenameOperations has a value set $RegValuePFRO variable to $true
      If ($RegValuePFRO) {
        $PendFileRename = $true

      ## Determine SCCM 2012 Client Reboot Pending Status
      ## To avoid nested 'if' statements and unneeded WMI calls to determine if the CCM_ClientUtilities class exist, setting EA = 0
      $CCMClientSDK = $null
      $CCMSplat = @{
      ## Try CCMClientSDK
      Try {
    $CCMClientSDK = Invoke-WmiMethod @CCMSplat
      } Catch [System.UnauthorizedAccessException] {
    $CcmStatus = Get-Service -Name CcmExec -ComputerName $Computer -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue
    If ($CcmStatus.Status -ne 'Running') {
        Write-Warning "$Computer`: Error - CcmExec service is not running."
        $CCMClientSDK = $null
      } Catch {
    $CCMClientSDK = $null

      If ($CCMClientSDK) {
    If ($CCMClientSDK.ReturnValue -ne 0) {
      Write-Warning "Error: DetermineIfRebootPending returned error code $($CCMClientSDK.ReturnValue)"    
        If ($CCMClientSDK.IsHardRebootPending -or $CCMClientSDK.RebootPending) {
      $SCCM = $true
      Else {
    $SCCM = $null

      ## Creating Custom PSObject and Select-Object Splat
      $SelectSplat = @{
      New-Object -TypeName PSObject -Property @{
    RebootPending=($CompPendRen -or $CBSRebootPend -or $WUAURebootReq -or $SCCM -or $PendFileRename)
      } | Select-Object @SelectSplat

  } Catch {
      Write-Warning "$Computer`: $_"
      ## If $ErrorLog, log the file to a user specified location/path
      If ($ErrorLog) {
    Out-File -InputObject "$Computer`,$_" -FilePath $ErrorLog -Append
  }## End Foreach ($Computer in $ComputerName)      
}## End Process

End {  }## End End

}## End Function Get-PendingReboot

Source: Microsoft Script Center

get-AllUserGroups (PS)

Return all the users groups, without installing Microsoft Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT), Active Directory Module for Windows PowerShell.

Function Get-AllUserGroups 

  $Groups = [System.Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent().Groups 

  foreach ($Group in $Groups)
    $GroupSID = $Group.Value $GroupName = New-Object System.Security.Principal.SecurityIdentifier($GroupSID) 
    $GroupDisplayName = $GroupName.Translate([System.Security.Principal.NTAccount])

Thanks to KFR for this example